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The Weibull function is frequently chosen to define psychometric functions. Tyler and Chen (Vis. Nike Shox Femme Soldes Res. 40 (2000) 3121) criticised the high-threshold postulate implied by the Weibull function and argued that this function implies the assumption of multiplicative noise. It will be shown in this paper that in fact the Weibull function is compatible with the assumption of additive noise, and that the Weibull function may be generalised to the case of detection not being high threshold. The derivations rest, however, on a representation of sensory activity lacking a satisfying degree of generality. Therefore, a more general representation of sensory activity in terms of stochastic processes will be suggested, with detection being defined as a level-crossing process, containing the original representation as a special case. Two classes of stochastic processes will be considered: one where the noise is assumed to Nike Shox Nz Pas Cher be additive, stationary Gaussian, and another resulting from cascaded Poisson processes, representing a form of multiplicative noise. While Weibull functions turn out to approximate well psychometric functions generated by both types of stochastic processes, it also becomes obvious that there is no simple interpretation of the parameters of the fitted Weibull functions. Moreover, corresponding to Tyler and Chen’s discussion of the role of multiplicative noise particular sources of this type of noise will be considered and shown to be compatible with the Weibull. It is indicated how multiplicative Nike Shox Nz Marron noise may be defined in general; however, it will be argued that in the light of certain empirical data the role of this type of noise may be negligible in most detection tasks.
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